Mesothelioma or Mezotheleoma
(Also known as mesothelioma, mesotheleoma, mezothelioma, mezotheleoma, mesothaleoma, mesothalioma, mesotheloma or mezotheloma)

ICD-10 C45. ICD-9 163 ICD-O: M9050/3-9055 OMIM 156240 DiseasesDB 8074 MedlinePlus 000115 eMedicine med/1457 MeSH D008654

Mesothelioma/Mezotheleoma , more precisely malignant Mesothelioma/Mezotheleoma , is a rare form of cancer that develops from the protective lining that covers many of the body's internal organs, the mesothelium. It is usually caused by exposure to asbestos.[1]

Its most common site is the pleura (outer lining of the lungs and internal chest wall), but it may also occur in the peritoneum (the lining of the abdominal cavity), the heart,[2] the pericardium (a sac that surrounds the heart) or tunica vaginalis.

Most people who develop mesothelioma have worked on jobs where they inhaled asbestos particles, or they have been exposed to asbestos dust and fiber in other ways. It has also been suggested that washing the clothes of a family member who worked with asbestos can put a person at risk for developing mesothelioma.[3] Unlike lung cancer, there is no association between mesothelioma and smoking, but smoking greatly increases the risk of other asbestos-induced cancers.[4] Compensation via asbestos funds or lawsuits is an important issue in mesothelioma (see linked resources throughout site).

The symptoms of mesothelioma include shortness of breath due to pleural effusion (fluid between the lung and the chest wall) or chest wall pain, and general symptoms such as weight loss. The diagnosis may be suspected with chest X-ray and CT scan, and is confirmed with a biopsy (tissue sample) and microscopic examination. A thoracoscopy (inserting a tube with a camera into the chest) can be used to take biopsies. It allows the introduction of substances such as talc to obliterate the pleural space (called pleurodesis), which prevents more fluid from accumulating and pressing on the lung. Research about screening tests for the early detection of mesothelioma is ongoing.

Those who suspect they have been exposed to loose asbestos or have symptoms of Mezotheleoma should contact both a physician and an attorney (see linked resources throughout site).

Contains some contents from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia as of Oct 10,2010.

This is not medical advice nor expertise. Readers are advised to seek competent legal and medical counsel.